Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

2 Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.


Excessive infant crying is a common and often stress-inducing condition for parents that can ultimately result in infant abuse. Although the infantile colic is reported commonly and causes appreciable distress for both parents and pediatricians, its pathogenesis remains unclear, despite 40 years of research. This work studied the role of H. pylori in infantile colic. This study was conducted in a primary health care office in Sharkia Governorate. The study included 50 infants with infantile colic according to Wessel’s criteria, along with age and sex matched 50 healthy controls. All infants without apparent cause for their colic underwent full history taking, clinical examination and H. pylori antigen in their stools. This study supports the new evidence for the role of H. pylori in the pathogenesis of infantile colic. H. pylori stool antigen was present in 31(62%) of cases in contrast to 10(20%) of controls (P<0.0001). Normal vaginal delivery, male, vomiting and breast feeding may be risk factors for H. pylori infection in this age period.