Document Type : Original Article


1 Military Medical Academy, Egypt.

2 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain shams University, Cairo 11566, Egypt.


Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) refer to a group of illnesses caused by several distinct families of viruses. In general, the term "viral hemorrhagic fever" is used to describe a severe multisystem syndrome (multisystem in that multiple organ systems in the body are affected). Characteristically, the overall vascular system is damaged, and the body's ability to regulate itself is impaired. These symptoms are often accompanied by hemorrhage (bleeding); however, the bleeding is it rarely life-threatening. While some types of hemorrhagic fever viruses can cause relatively mild illnesses, many of these viruses cause severe, life-threatening disease. The selected disaster diseases for this study included: 1- Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic Fever, 2- Dengue Fever, 3- Ebola Fever, 4- Hemorrhagic Fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), 5- Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, 6- Lassa Fever, 7- Marburg Fever, 8- Rift Valley Fever and 9- Yellow Fever. The educational training program was given over ten sessions to a group of Staff Nurses. The results showed that the program succeeded in enhancing nurses’ knowledge, awareness, responsibility, and obligations toward patients with the Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers The results showed a significant impact of training sessions illuminated in the follow-up test on the knowledge score of nurses in all types of diseases except for the Congo hemorrhagic fever, while, statistical significance varied in some diseases in the study when it comes to the comparison between pretest and post-test. All results confirmed on the positive impact of the training program in enhancing the knowledge of nurses toward VHFs patients and their relevant. There was a significant positive impact of the training sessions on changing the attitude of nurses toward patients with VHFs. This result was confirmed on the collective level since the total scores on tests revealed significant positive impact of the study on changing the attitude of nurses toward relevant patients. The relationship included personal data (age, sex, level of education, & years of experiences) and main variables (knowledge scores & attitude change to patients) with the disease in question. This part revealed a significant relationship between all personal data and total knowledge score among nurses except for the level of education, while all results were insignificant for the relationship between the personal data and the nurses’ attitude. Difference between the total nurses’ attitude change and the total knowledge scores was significant on the three tests’ levels; pre, post, and the follow-up. The overall evaluation showed that six criteria were adopted, regarding the educator, the length of presentations, and the evaluation of the studied groups regarding the training facilities, the subject matters, the overall training program, and the importance of diseases in question to their practical working environment. The frequency distribution showed that the educator met nurses’ expectations; the material tools were plausible enough to satisfy trainees and presentations were fairly short. But, the training facilities were just excelle t by the vast majority of trainees. The entire material met specific needs of relevant health care organizations, but about 43% reported that it was difficult. The vast majority of trainees favored the program under almost all criteria studied in the final questionnaire... Above 50% of trainees were not confident enough toward their ability in applying their knowledge acquired practically. The final evaluation showed that the most important were Rift Valley fever, Ebola fever, Hanta virus pulmonary syndrome, Crimean Congo fever and lastly Dengue fever. Lassa and Marburg fevers were of less interest to nurses.